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  • 职称英语《卫生类》模拟题31

    2016-3-11 17:09|

     Obesity(肥胖)in the Western World  Obesity is rapidly becoming a new scourge of the western world, delegates agreed at the 11th European Conference on the issue in Vienna Wednesday to Saturday. Ac ...

     Obesity(肥胖)in the Western World

      Obesity is rapidly becoming a new scourge of the western world, delegates agreed at the 11th European Conference on the issue in Vienna Wednesday to Saturday. According to statements before the opening of the conference——of 2,000 specialists from more than 50 countries——1.2 billion people worldwide are overweight, and 250 million are obese.

      Professor Bernhard Ludvik of Vienna General Hospital said, "Obesity is a chronic illness. In Germany, 20 per cent of the people are already affected, but in Japan only one percent." But he said that there was hope for sufferers thanks to the new scientific discoveries and medication.

      Professor Friedrich Hopichler of Salzberg said, we are living in the new age (but) with the metabolism(新陈代谢)of a stone-age man I have just been to the United States. It is really terrible. A pizza shop is springing up on every comer. We have been overrun by fast food and Coca-Cola-ization.

      Many of the experts stressed that obesity was a potential killer. Hopichler said, Eighty percent of all diabetics are obese, also fifty per cent of all patients with high blood pressure and fifty per cent with adipose(脂肪的)tissue complaints. Ten percent more weight means thirteen per cent more risk of heart disease. Reducing one's weight by ten per cent leads to thirteen per cent lower blood pressure.

      Another expert Hermann Toplak said that the state health services should improve their financing of preventive programs. Though the health insurance pays for surgery (such as reducing the size of the stomach) when the body-mass index is more than 40. That is equivalent to a weight of 116 kilograms for a height of 1.70 meters. One should start earlier.

      Ludvik said that prevention should begin in school. Child obesity (fat deposits) correlates(与……相关)with the time which children spend in front of TV sets.

      The consequences were only apparent later on. No more than fifteen per cent of obese people lived to the average life expectancy for their population group.

      (单项选择题)

      Which of the following is most often accompanied by obesity?

      A.Diabetes

      B.High blood pressure

      C.Stomachache

      D.Adipose tissue complaints

      【本题来源】2014年职称英语卫生类B级考试真题单选题第44题

      【答案】A

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